fall [fôl]
fell, fallen, falling [ME fallen < OE feallan, to fall, akin to Ger fallen < IE base * phol-, to fall > Lith púolu, to fall]
I to come down by the force of gravity; drop; descend
1. to come down because detached, pushed, dropped, etc.; move down and land forcibly [apples fall from the tree]
2. to come down suddenly from a standing or sitting position; tumble; topple; become prostrate
3. to be wounded or killed in battle
4. to come down in ruins; collapse [the building fell]
5. to hang down [hair falling about her shoulders]
II to pass to a position, condition, etc. regarded as lower
1. to take a downward direction [land falling away to the sea]
2. to become lower in amount, number, degree, intensity, value, etc.; drop; abate [prices fell]
3. to lose power; be overthrown [the government has fallen]
4. to lose status, reputation, dignity, etc.
5. to yield to temptation; do wrong; sin; specif. in earlier use (esp. of women), to lose chastity
6. to be captured or conquered
7. to take on a look of disappointment or dejection [his face fell]
8. to become lower in pitch or volume [her voice fell]
III to happen as if by dropping
1. to take place; occur [the meeting fell on a Friday]
2. to come by lot, distribution, inheritance, etc. [the estate falls to the son]
3. to pass into a specified condition; become [to fall ill, to fall in love]
4. to come at a specified place [the accent falls on the third syllable]
5. to be directed by chance [his eye fell on a misspelled word]
6. to be spoken in an involuntary way [the news fell from his lips]
7. to be born: said of animals
8. to be divided (into) [to fall into two classes]
Dial. to fell (a tree, etc.)
[< the v.]
1. a dropping; descending; coming down
2. a coming down suddenly from a standing or sitting position
3. a hanging down, or a part hanging down
4. a downward direction or slope
5. a becoming lower or less; reduction in value, price, etc.
6. a lowering of the voice in pitch or volume
7. a capture; overthrow; ruin
8. a loss of status, reputation, etc.
9. a yielding to temptation; wrongdoing; moral lapse
a) a birth: said of animals
b) the number of animals born at one birth; litter
a) something that has fallen [a fall of leaves]
b) a felling of trees, or timber felled at one time
12. that season of the year in which many trees lose their leaves; autumn: in the North Temperate Zone, generally regarded as including the months of September, October, and November
13. the amount of what has fallen [a six-inch fall of snow]
14. the distance that something falls
15. [usually pl., often with sing. v.] water falling over a cliff, etc.; cascade
16. a broad, turned-down ruff or collar worn in the 17th cent.
a) Now Rare a kind of veil hanging from the back of a woman's hat
b) lace, ruffles, or other trimming on a dress, usually hanging from the collar
18. a long tress of hair, often synthetic, used by a woman to fill out her coiffure
19. Mech. the loose end of the rope, cable, etc. used in a block and tackle
20. Naut.
a) either of the lines used to lower or hoist a boat at the davits
b) in a TACKLE (n. 2), the part of a rope between the free end and a pulley or between pulleys
21. Wrestling
a) the act of holding an opponent down so that both shoulders touch the mat for a specified time period; pin
b) a bout or a division of a match
of, in, for, or characteristic of the fall season
☆ fall all over oneself or fall over oneself
Informal to behave in too eager or zealous a manner
fall among
to come among by chance
fall apart
to crumble, disintegrate, disunite, etc.
fall away
1. to take away friendship, support, etc.; desert
2. to become less in size, strength, etc.; specif., to grow thin and weak
fall back
to withdraw; give way; retreat
fall back on or fall back upon
1. to turn, or return, to for security or help
2. to retreat to
fall behind
1. to be outdistanced; drop behind
2. to fail to pay on time; be in arrears
☆ fall down on
Slang to fail or be unsuccessful in (a job, etc.)
☆ fall for Informal
1. to fall in love with; become infatuated with
2. to be tricked or deceived by
fall foul of or fall afoul of
1. to collide with or become entangled with
2. to get into trouble or conflict with
fall in
1. to collapse inward; cave in
2. to agree
3. Mil. to line up in proper formation
fall in with
1. to meet by chance
2. to meet and join
3. to agree with; comply with
fall off
1. to become smaller, less, lighter, etc.
2. to become worse; decline
3. Naut. to swing away from the heading, often, specif., to leeward
fall on or fall upon
1. to attack
2. to be the duty of
fall out
1. to have a disagreement; quarrel
2. to happen; result
3. Mil. to leave one's place in a formation
fall short
1. to be lacking
2. to fail to meet a standard or goal: with of
fall through
to come to nothing; fail
fall to
to begin; start; specif.,
a) to start attacking
b) to start eating
fall under
1. to come under (an influence, etc.)
2. to be listed or classified as
ride for a fall
to behave in a manner likely to cause one trouble or injury
the Fall of Man or the Fall
Christian Theol. Adam's sin of yielding to temptation in eating the forbidden fruit, and his subsequent loss of grace: see ORIGINAL SIN
the fall of the cards
the chance distribution of cards in a given deal

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Fall — (f[add]l), v. i. [imp. {Fell} (f[e^]l); p. p. {Fallen} (f[add]l n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Falling}.] [AS. feallan; akin to D. vallen, OS. & OHG. fallan, G. fallen, Icel. Falla, Sw. falla, Dan. falde, Lith. pulti, L. fallere to deceive, Gr. sfa llein… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • fall — ► VERB (past fell; past part. fallen) 1) move rapidly and without control from a higher to a lower level. 2) collapse to the ground. 3) (fall off) become detached and drop to the ground. 4) hang down. 5) (of someone s f …   English terms dictionary

  • Fall — Fall, n. 1. The act of falling; a dropping or descending be the force of gravity; descent; as, a fall from a horse, or from the yard of ship. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of dropping or tumbling from an erect posture; as, he was walking on ice, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fall [1] — Fall, 1) die Bewegung, in welcher alle Körper von geringerer Masse, in Folge der Anziehungskraft der Massen gegen den Mittelpunkt größerer Körper, mit einer der größeren Masse letzterer proportionirten Schnelligkeit getrieben werden, in so fern… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fall — Fall, v. t. 1. To let fall; to drop. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] For every tear he falls, a Trojan bleeds. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To sink; to depress; as, to fall the voice. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 3. To diminish; to lessen or lower. [Obs.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • fall — fall, drop, sink, slump, subside are comparable when they mean to go or to let go downward freely. They are seldom close synonyms, however, because of various specific and essential implications that tend to separate and distinguish them. Fall,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • fall — fall·er; prat·fall; re·fall; crest·fall·en·ly; crest·fall·en·ness; pratt·fall; …   English syllables

  • fall — [n1] descent; lowering abatement, belly flop*, cut, decline, declivity, decrease, diminution, dip, dive, downgrade, downward slope, drop, dwindling, ebb, falling off, header*, incline, lapse, lessening, nose dive*, plummet, plunge, pratfall*,… …   New thesaurus

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